To pass your real estate licensing exam, most states require a minimum overall score of at least 70%, or a minimum number of exam questions answered correctly. But beware—the process to earn your real estate license includes much more than passing the exam.  

Pre-licensing Requirements

Before you can schedule your licensing exam, you’ll need to complete your state-approved pre-licensing coursework. This educational requirement can be anywhere from 40 to 120 credit hours, depending on each state’s individual licensing criteria. In some states, pre-licensing fingerprinting and criminal background checks are also a condition of earning your real estate license.  

Additional Factors to Consider  

If you’re already a licensed real estate agent in good standing, you may be able to earn an additional license without completing the pre-licensing coursework requirements for that state. This is called real estate reciprocity, and varies depending on the agreements between states:  

Full reciprocity: Currently-licensed agents skip the general real estate pre-licensing coursework and take classes on state-specific laws and requirements before taking (and passing) the state exam.  

Partial reciprocity: Currently-licensed agents may be allowed to skip a portion of the pre-licensing coursework, depending on the agreement between their state of origin and the new state. Agents must pass the state exam.  

No reciprocity: Currently-licensed agents must complete all pre-licensing coursework and pass the state exam before obtaining the new state license.  

Taking the Exam

State requirements for real estate pre-licensing courses and education vary, as do the length of the exam and score requirements. What qualifies as a passing score varies by state, and may be determined by either the cumulative percentage of correct answers or the number of correct answers per exam section.  

Note that some states require licensees to complete additional coursework hours (not included in the chart below) after passing the license exam and before practicing real estate.  

State Course Hours Exam Questions Passing Score 
Alabama 60 140 70% 
Alaska  40 120 75% 
Arizona 90 180 75% 
Arkansas 60 125 70% 
California 135 150 70% 
Colorado 168 154 60 national/53 state 
Connecticut 60 110 70% 
Delaware 99 120 70% 
District of Columbia 60 110 75% 
Florida 63 100 75% 
Georgia  75 152 72% 
Hawaii 60 130 70% 
Idaho 90 120 70% 
Illinois 90 140 75% 
Indiana 90 125 75% 
Iowa 60 120 84% 
Kansas 60 110 70% 
Kentucky 96 130 75% 
Louisiana 90 135 56 national/40 state 
Maine 55 120 75% 
Maryland 60 110 70% 
Massachusetts 40 120 70% 
Michigan 40 115 70% 
Minnesota 90 120 75% 
Mississippi 60 120 56 national/30 state 
Missouri 48 140 70 national/30 state 
Montana 60 133 80% national/70% state 
Nebraska  66 150 70 national/38 state 
Nevada 90 120 75% 
New Hampshire 40 140 56 national/28 state 
New Jersey 75 110 70% 
New Mexico 90 130 75% 
New York 75 75 70% 
North Carolina 75 140 71 national/29 state 
North Dakota 90 140 75% 
Ohio 120 120 70% 
Oklahoma 90 130 75% 
Oregon 150 130 75% 
Pennsylvania 75 110 75% 
Rhode Island 45 120 70% 
South Carolina 60 110 56 national/21 state 
South Dakota 116 157 75% 
Tennessee 90 120 70% 
Texas 180 125 56 national/21 state 
Utah 120 130 70% 
Vermont 40 136 56 national/23 state 
Virginia 60 120 56 national/30 state 
Washington 90 130 70% 
West Virginia 90 150 75 national/38 state 
Wisconsin 72 140 75% 
Wyoming 54 132 75% 

KEY:  

Full reciprocity  

Partial reciprocity 

No reciprocity 

Keep in mind that passing the exam is only one component of your license. Most states also require real estate agents to follow a professional and ethical code of conduct, which may include completing annual or bi-annual continuing education courses to keep up with changes in the real estate profession. 

Let’s Get Started  

Ready to start your career in real estate? Check out the guide to getting your license to learn more about our process, and find out what sets our schools apart from the rest. We also invite you to participate in a live webinar Career Day session to discuss your new career with our instructors, who currently work as agents in the field.